Anne-Christine Gardner

Anne-Christine Gardner, Dr.

Academic associate

Phone: +41 44 634 35 54

Room number: PLH 203


Anne Gardner joined the English Department of the University of Zurich in September 2011 where she works as subject coordinator responsible for the English linguistics programme at the Pädagogische Hochschule Zürich. Previously, she studied English Philology, French Philology and Musicology at the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg and the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, U.K. Until 2011 she was employed as a lecturer and teaching assistant at the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg.

In 2013 she received her PhD in English Linguistics from the University of Zurich with a dissertation on ‘Derivation in Middle English: Regional and Text Type Variation’ (funded for three years by the Landesgraduiertenförderung Baden-Württemberg, Germany) in which she investigates the development of abstract noun forming suffixes of Germanic and Romance origin (for instance in words such as falseness and falsity between c.1150 and 1500. Combining both qualitative and quantitative approaches to data collected from selected corpora, a particular focus is placed on tracing diachronic variation in suffix usage, determining the impact of regional preferences, translations, text type and other text-inherent factors on lexical choices and the creation of new words.

Her post-doctoral research project 'Self-corrections, Identity and Social Relationships in Late Modern English Ego Documents’ investigates how identities are constructed and social relationships negotiated on paper, based on the private diaries, journals and correspondence of Mary Hamilton (1756–1816). Between 1777 and 1782 Hamilton was employed as a sub-governess to the daughters of King George III and Queen Charlotte, and lived independently in London afterwards until her marriage in 1785, enjoying the friendship of intellectuals and authors as a member of the Bluestocking Circle. The project contextualises Hamilton's language by considering the writing practices and social practices of the time, and studies her interactions in writing on a socio-pragmatic level by examining her (epistolary) style and self-corrections. As part of the project transliterations of selected diaries and letters will be prepared, which will be published in a TEI-conformant online edition and corpus. A further strand of research focuses on private writing representing non-native Englishes of the eighteenth century, offering a historical perspective on second language acquisition and teaching. 

Anne Gardner's research interests include historical and modern approaches to language variation and change, sociolinguistics, pragmatics, second language acquisition, corpus linguistics, dialectology, morphology and the lexicon. 



In preparation. A Linguistic Co-Biography of the Bluestocking Circle, co-authored with Anni Sairio (University of Helsinki).

2014. Derivation in Middle English: Regional and Text Type Variation. (Mémoires de la Société Néophilologique de Helsinki XCII). Helsinki: Société Néophilologique.

Edited books

To appear. The Eighteenth Century in Ego Documents: The Individual in Society, with Marianne Hundt and Angelika Linke. Provisional acceptance by Brill for the Egodocuments and History Series.

2016. New Approaches to English Linguistics: Building Bridges. (Studies in Language Companion Series 177), co-edited with Olga Timofeeva, Sarah Chevalier and Alpo Honkapohja. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

2014. Contact, Variation and Change in the History of English. (Studies in Language Companion Series 159), co-edited with Simone E. Pfenninger, Olga Timofeeva, Alpo Honkapohja, Marianne Hundt and Daniel Schreier. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Articles and book sections

In preparation. The historical sociolinguistics of non-native Englishes: a next step, with Anni Sairio. Peer-reviewed article.

In preparation. 'Negotiating social roles through self-corrections: Mary Hamilton’s draft letters to Queen Charlotte (1781) and the Duchess of Portland (1783)’. Peer-reviewed article.

To appear. ‘Self-corrections as a source for linguistic enquiry: A Late Modern English travel journal’. Journal of Historical Sociolinguistics.

To appear. ‘“That idle chit chat?” The creation of female friendship through “conversation”: Evidence from eighteenth-century diaries and letters’, with Marianne Hundt. Book section for co-edited volume The Eighteenth Century in Ego Documents: The Individual in Society.

Submitted. 'Towards a companionate marriage in Late Modern England? Mary Hamilton’s courtship letters to her fiancé John Dickenson.' Peer-reviewed article.

2018. Downward social mobility in eighteenth-century English: A micro-level analysis of the correspondence of Queen Charlotte, Mary Hamilton and Frances Burney’. Special Issue on Mobility, Variability and Changing Literacies, ed. by Anita Auer and Mikko Laitinen, of Neuphilologische Mitteilungen CXIX (I): 71–100.

2017. ‘Corpus-based approaches: Watching English change’, with Marianne Hundt. English Historical Linguistics: Approaches and Perspectives, ed. by Laurel Brinton, 96–130. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

2017. ‘Digitization of the Mary Hamilton Papers’, with Marianne Hundt and Moira Kindlimann. ICAME Journal 41: 83–110.

2016. ‘The Development of a Lexical Standard in English’. La Régionalité Lexicale du Français au Moyen Âge, ed. by Martin Glessgen and David Trotter, 413–31. Strasbourg: Société de Linguistique Romane/ÉLiPhi.

2016. ‘Introduction’, New Approaches in English Linguistics: Building Bridges. (Studies in Language Companion Series 177), with Sarah Chevalier, Alpo Honkapohja, Marianne Hundt, Gerold Schneider and Olga Timofeeva, 1–12. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

2014. ‘At the crossroads of language change, variation and contact’, Contact, Variation and Change in the History of English. (Studies in Language Companion Series 159), with Simone E. Pfenninger, Olga Timofeeva, Alpo Honkapohja, Marianne Hundt and Daniel Schreier, 1–7. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 

2012. ‘Abstract Noun “Suffixes” and Text Type in Old English.’ English Historical Linguistics 2008. Selected Papers from the 15th ICEHL, Munich, 24-30 August 2008. Volume II: Words, Texts and Genres, ed. by Hans Sauer and Gaby Waxenberger, 119–32. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

2012. PowerPoint presentation ‘Measures of Productivity and Lexical Diversity: Suffixation (c.1150–1350).’ Outposts of Historical Corpus Linguistics: From the Helsinki Corpus to a Proliferation of Resources, ed. by Jukka Tyrkkö, Matti Kilpiö, Terttu Nevalainen and Matti Rissanen (Studies in Variation, Contacts, and Change in English 10). Helsinki: Research Unit for Variation, Contacts and Change in English (VARIENG), University of Helsinki.

2011. ‘Word Formation in Early Middle English: Abstract Nouns in the Linguistic Atlas of Early Middle English.’ Proceedings of ICAME 30, ed. by Sebastian Hoffmann, Paul Rayson and Geoffrey Leech (Studies in Variation, Contacts, and Change in English 6). Helsinki: Research Unit for Variation, Contacts and Change in English (VARIENG), University of Helsinki.

Book reviews

In preparation. Review of ‘Nevalainen, Terttu, Minna Palander-Collin, Tanja Säily (eds.). 2018. Patterns of Change in 18th-Century English: A Sociolinguistic Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.’ English Language and Linguistics.

2014. Review of ‘Anneli Meurman-Solin and Jukka Tyrkkö (eds.). Principles and practices for the digital editing and annotation of diachronic data (Studies in Variation, Contacts and Change in English 14). Helsinki: Varieng. varieng/series/volumes/14/. 2013’, ICAME Journal 38: 207–11.

2011. Review of ‘Susanne Mühleisen. 2010. Heterogeneity in Word-Formation Patterns. A corpus-based analysis of suffixation with ‑ee and its productivity in English. Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins’, ICAME Journal 35: 248–52.

Linguistic corpus.

Medieval Latin from Anglo-Saxon Sources (MLASS), with Olga Timofeeva and Alpo Honkapohja.


Pädagogische Hochschule Zürich


  • English Linguistics I: Introduction to English Linguistics (HS 2018)


  • English Linguistics II: Language Variation and Change (FS 2019, FS 2018)
  • English Linguistics II: Standard and Variation (HS 2018)

Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, Anglistisches Seminar


  • The History of English Told Backwards (SS 2019, SS 2018)
  • Exploring Late Modern English through Ego Documents (WS 2018/19)
  • Introduction to Old English (SS 2018)

University of Zurich, English Department


  • 'Middle English: Lexicon', 45-minute session of the BA module ‘History of the English Language’ (FS 2017, FS 2014)
  • 'Early Modern to Present-Day English: Lexicon', 45-minute session of the BA module ‘History of the English Language’ (FS 2017)
  • ‘Corpus Linguistics’, 45-minute session of the BA module ‘Introduction to Linguistics’ (HS 2016, HS 2015, HS 2014, HS 2013, HS 2012)

MA Seminar:

  • A History of English Word Formation (HS 2015)

BA Seminars:

  • History of the English Language I and II [Old and Middle English] (FS 2019, HS 2017–FS 2018, FS 2017, FS 2016, HS 2014–FS 2013, HS 2013–FS 2014)
  • Introduction to Linguistics (HS 2015, HS 2012–FS 2013)
  • Cultural Approaches to Pragmatics (FS 2015)
  • Historical Sociolinguistics (HS 2014)

Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Anglistisches Seminar

Proseminare I:

  • Introduction to Pragmatics (SS 2011)
  • Introduction to English Morphology and Word Formation (WS 2010/11, SS 2009, SS 2008)

Proseminare II:

  • A History of the English Lexicon (SS 2011)
  • Language Change (WS 2010/11)
  • History of English (WS 2007/08, WS 2006/07)
  • Introduction to Old English (SS 2007)