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English Department

Christina Ljungberg

Dr. Christina Ljungberg, Prof.

  • Titularprofessorin für Englische und Amerikanische Literaturwissenschaft

Portrait and Research Interests

Christina Ljungberg studied first at Lund University and later at the University of Zurich, where she received her PhD in 1998 and her Habilitation in 2008. She has worked in Cultural Programming with Swedish and Canadian Television and has been teaching English literature at the University of Zurich since 1995. She is the coordinator of the Iconicity Research Project (together with Prof. Dr. Olga Fischer, University of Amsterdam), member of the Expert Group at the Forum for Intermediality Studies, Linnaeus University (, and General Editor of the series “Iconicity in Language and Literature (ILL)” (John Benjamins). She is also a Fellow of the Myrifield Institute for Cognition and the Arts (

Her new project, "Imaginary Wanderings - Making the invisible visible", concerns the development of a new type of interactive cultural communication, She is also currently preparing a collection of essays on the interrelations between verbal and visual media.



To Fit, to Join, and to Make. Bern: Peter Lang, 1999.

Creative Dynamics: Diagrammatic Strategies in Narrative. Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2012.



The Crisis of Representation: Semiotic Foundations and Manifestations in Culture and the Media. [Special Issue] Semiotica 143. 1-4 (2003). Co-editor with Winfried Nöth.

Insistent Images. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2007. Co-editor with Elzbieta Tabakowska and Olga Fischer.

Redefining Literary Semiotics. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars' Press, 2009. Co-editor with Harri Veivo and J. Dines Johansen.

Signergy. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2010. Co-editor with Jac Conradie, René Johl, Marthinus Beukes and Olga Fischer.

Semblance and Signification. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2011. Co-editor with Pascal Michelucci and Olga Fischer.

Iconic Investigations. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2013. Co-editor with Lars Elleström and Olga Fischer.

Cultures in Conflict / Conflicting Cultures. Swiss Papers in English Language and Literature.Tübingen: Narr, 2013. Coeditor with Mario Klarer.

Thinking with Diagrams: The Semiotic Basis of Human Cognition. Co-editor with Sybille Krämer. Berlin and Boston: DeGruyter Mouton, 2016.

Dimensons of Iconicity. Iconicity in Language and Literature 15. Co-editor with A. Zirker, M. Bauer, O. Fischer. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2017.

Operationalizing Iconicity. Iconicity in Language and Literature 17. Co-editor with Pamela Perniss and Olga Fischer. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2020.

Iconicity in Cognition and across Semiotic Systems. Iconicity in Language and Literature 18. Co-editor with Sara Lenninger, Olga Fischer and Elzbieta Tabakowska. Amsterdam:  John Benjamins, 2022.



Selected articles

“Iconic Dimensions in Margaret Atwood’s Poetry and Prose.” The Motivated Sign. Ed. Olga Fischer and Max Nänny. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2001. 351-366.

“Wilderness from an Ecosemiotic Perspective.” The Semiotics of Nature. Ed. Winfried Nöth and Kalevi Kull. Tartu: Tartu University Press [Special Issue: Sign Systems Studies 29.1 (2001): 169-186] and Kassel University Press (online edition).

“City Maps: The Cartosemiotic Connection.” Semiotics 2001. Ed. Scott Simpkins and John Deely. Ottawa: Legas, 2002. 193-205.

“Diagrams in Narrative: Visual Strategies in Contemporary Fiction.” From Sign to Signing. Ed. Wolfgang G. Müller, and Olga Fischer. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2003. 185-201.

“Cartography and Fiction: Spatial Strategies in Late Medieval and Early Modern Fiction.” Iconicity. Ed. Jeff Bernard. [Special Issue] European Journal for Semiotic Studies 15.2-4 (2003): 425-444.

“Constructing New ‘Realities’: The Performative Function of Maps in Contemporary Fiction.” Representing Realities: Essays on American Literature, Art and Culture. Ed. Bevery Maeder. Tübingen: Gunter Narr, Series SPELL 16 (2003). 159-176.

“Meeting the Cultural Other: Semiotic Approaches to Intercultural Communication.” Translation and Intercultural Communication. Ed. Rainer Guldin. [Special Issue] Studies in Communication Sciences 3.2 (Summer 2003): 59-77. Online edition:

“Cartographic Intrusions in Postcolonial Fiction.” Le visuel à l'ère du post-visuel. Ed. Marie Carani. [Special Issue] VISIO 8. 1-2 (spring-summer 2003): 223-230.

“Logical aspects of maps.” Ideology, Logic and Dialogue in Semioethic Perspective. Ed. Susan Petrilli. [Special Issue] Semiotica 148 -1/4 (2004): 413- 437.

“Between Reality and Representation: On the Diagrammatic Function of Photographs and Maps in Fiction.” Peirce and the Notion of Representation. Ed. Jean Fisette. [Special Issue] VISIO 9.1 (spring 2004): 67-78.

“Photographs in Narrative.” Outside-In - Inside Out. Ed. Constantino Maeder, Olga Fischer and William J. Herlofsky. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2005. 133-149.

“Diagrams and Diagrammatizations in Literary Texts.” Peirce and Literary Studies. Ed. Harri Veivo. Recherches Semiotiques / Semiotic Inquiry 24 (2005): 99-115.

“Cartographic Strategies in Contemporary Fiction.” Orientations: Space / Time / Image / Word. Ed. Claus Clüver, Leo Hoek, Véronique Plesch, Peter de Voogd. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2005. 155-172.

“Models of Reading: Diagrammatic Aspects of LiteraryTexts.” Cognition and Literary Interpretation in Practice. Ed. Harri Veivo, Bo Petterson and Merja Polvinen. Helsinki: University of Helsinki Press, 2005. 105-125.

“Maps Mapping Minds.” Mind Factory. Ed. Louis Armand. Prag: Litteraria Pragensia, 2005. 185-199.

“Mapping the Territories of Being: Art, the Body and Digital Media.” Semiotic Bodies, Aesthetic Embodiments, and Cyberbodies (Intervalle 10). Ed. Winfried Nöth. Kassel: Kassel University Press, 2006. 208-233.

“Rituals of Remembrance: Photography and Autobiography in Postmodern Texts.” The Seeming and the Seen. Ed. Beverly Maeder and Boris Vejdovsky. Frankfurt and Bern: Peter Lang, 2006. 343-366. Also published in Aletria: Revista de estudos literatura 14 (2006): 246-263.

“The End of Style”? Stil als Zeichen. Funktionen – Brüche – Inszenierungen. Frankfurt (Oder). (Universitätsschriften – Schriftenreihe der Europa-Universität Viadrina, Band 24) / CD-ROM (ISSN 0941-7540), 2006.

“Das Kartieren von neuem Raum: Die Beziehung zwischen Karte und Text in Daniel Defoes Robinson Crusoe.” Text-Bild-Karte: Kartographien der Vormoderne. Ed. Jürg Glauser and Christian Kiening. Freiburg: Rombach, 2007. 477-499.

“'Damn Mad': Palindromic Figurations in Literary Narratives.” Insistent Images. Ed. Elzbieta Tabakowska, Christina Ljungberg and Olga Fischer. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2007. 247-265.

__ and Elzbieta Tabakowska. Introduction. Insistent Images. Ed. ElzbietaTabakowska, Christina Ljungberg and Olga Fischer. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2007. 1-16.

“White Space.” White Matters. Ed. Susan Petrilli. Rome: Athanor, 2007. 256-271.

“Cognition and Literary Interpretation.” Communication, Interpretation, Translation. Ed. Susan Petrilli. Milan: Mimesis, 2007. 489-502.

“Cognitive Approaches to Literary Interpretation.” Cognition and Language. Ed. Wladislaw Chlopicki, Andrej Pawelec and Agnès Pokojska. Cracow: Tertium, 2007. 519-539.

“Triangular Strategies: Cross-Mapping the Curious Spaces of Siri Hustvedt, Paul Auster, and Sophie Calle.” Mapping Liminalities: Thresholds in Cultural and Literary Texts. Ed. Lucy Kay, Zoe Kingsley, Terry Philips and Alan Roughley. Bern: Peter Lang, 2007. 104-128.

“The Artist and her Bodily Self: Self-Reference in Digital Art/Media.” Self-Reference in the Media. Ed. Winfried Nöth and Nina Bishara. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 2007. 291-302.

“Urban Movement as Performative Utterance.” American Aesthetics. Ed. Deborah Madsen. Tübingen: Gunter Narr, Series SPELL 20, 2007. 223-231.

“Mapping Fluid Spaces: Semiotic Bodies and Cyberart”. Language Systems after Structuralism. Ed. Louis Armand and Pavel Cernovsky. Prague: Litteraria Pragensia, 2008. 98-113.

__ and H. Veivo. Introduction. Redefining Literary Semiotics. Ed. Harri Veivo , Christina Ljungberg and J. Dines Johansen. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars' Press, 2009. 1-9.

“Subjectivity as Performance in Literary Texts.” Redefining Literary Semiotics. Ed. Harri Veivo, Christina Ljungberg and J. Dines Johansen. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars' Press, 2009. 86-109.

"Cartographies of the Future: Julie Mehretu’s Dynamic Charting of Fluid Spaces." The Cartographic Journal: Art & Cartography [special Issue] 46.4 (November 2009): 308-315.

"Intermedial Strategies in Multimedia Art." Media Borders, Multimodality and Intermediality. Ed. Lars Elleström. London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. 81-96.

“Diagrammatic Figurations as Textual Performance.” Signergy. Ed. Jac Conradie, René Johl, Marthinus Beukes, Olga Fischer and Christina Ljungberg. Amsterdam: John Benjamins 2010. 47-71.

"Mapping Practices for Different Geographies." Mapping Different Geographies. Ed. Karel. Kriz, William Cartwright and Lorenz Hurni. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag, 2010. 37-55.

"Dynamic Instances of Interaction: The Performative Function of Iconicity in Literary Texts." Semiotics of Resemblance [special issue]. Ed. Timo Maran and Ester Vosu. Sign System Studies 38.1/4 (2010): 270-298.

"Unbinding the Text: Intermedial Iconicity in Peter Greenaway's Prosperous Books." Semblance and Signification. Ed. Pascal Michelucci, Olga Fischer and Christina Ljungberg. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 2011. 369-388.

"Intermedial narration i den fotolyriska bildboken."Opponentrescension. Samlaren: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskaplig forskning (2013): 366-369.

“Laurie Anderson's Versions of Döblin/Fassbinder, Melville and Massenet." Philology and the Performing Arts - A Challenge. Ed. Mattia Cavagna and Costantino Maeder. Louvain: UCL Presses Universitaires de Louvain, 2014. 257-269.

"Intermediality and Performance Art." Handbook of Intermediality. Ed. Gabriele Rippl. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2015.547-561.

"Iconicity." Bloomsbury Companion to Stylistics. Ed. V. Sotirova. London: Bloomsbury, 2015. 476-489.

"Cartosemiotics." International Handbook of Research in Semiotics. Ed. Peter Trifonas. New York: Springer, 2015.759-770.

"The Diagrammatic Nature of Maps." Thinking with Diagrams: The Semiotic Basis of Human Cognition. Ed. Sybille Krämer and Christina Ljungberg. Berlin and Boston: De Gruyter Mouton, 2016. 139-159.

"Reading as Mapping". Routledge Handbook of Literature and Space. Ed. Robert T. Tally Jr. London and New York: Routledge, 2017. 95-105.

"The Sensorial Effectiveness of Laure Prouvost's Art". VERSUS 124, 1/2 (2017): 75-88.

"Mapping Utopia." Spatial Modernities: Geography, Narrative, Imaginaries. Ed. E. Kollman and J. Riquet. London: Routledge, 2018. 42-56.

"Iconicity in Cognition and Communication". Modelling - Thinking in Practice. Historical Social Research Supplement 31: 66-77. doi: 10.12759/hsr.suppl.31.2018.66-77. Ed. Ø. Eide, C. Marras, A.Ciula and P.Sahle.

"Criss-crossing James Joyce's Ulysses: Chiasmus and Cognition." Operationalizing Iconicity. Ed. P. Perniss, O. Fischer and C. Ljungberg.  Amsterdam: John Benjamins,   2020. 200-210.

In preparation

"Iconicity in literature". Handbook of Iconicity in Language. Olga Fischer, Kimi Akita and Pamela Perniss (eds). Oxford: Oxford University Press [forthcoming 2024].

Iconicity and analogy. Iconicity in Language and Literature 19. Philippe Monneret, Chris Smith, Olga Fischer and Christina Ljungberg. Amsterdam: John Benjamins [forthcoming 2024]


"Karten als Paratexte in der Literatur." Text und Karte. Eine Einführung in die Literaturgeographie. Hrsg. B.Piatti, H. Detering, L. Hurni und K. Winkler. Göttingen: Wallstein.

" Diagrams in poetry and prose." Semiotica. Ed. Joao Quieroz.

Book reviews

Ascott, Roy. Telematic Embrace. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2004. DeSignis 10 (2006): 231.

Lischka, Gerhard Johann, and Peter Weibel, eds. Die Kunst der Medien, die Medien der Kunst. Bern: Benteli Verlag, 2004. DeSignis 10 (2006): 234-35.

Tally, Robert T. Jr ,ed. Literary Cartographies: Spatiality, Representation, and Narrative (Geocriticism and Spatial Literary Studies Series). New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. The Cartographic Journal, 52:4, 365-366.



Recent short articles/reports

(with Winfried Nöth). “Die Krise der Repräsentation.” Zeitschrift für Semiotik 22. 1 (2000): 268-269.

“Eld-Visioner.” Catalogue text for the exhibition Eld-Visioner - Ulla and Gustav Kraitz at Lunds Konsthall, 2000.

“The semiotic threshold between nature and culture.” Zeitschrift für Semiotik 23.1 (2001): 226-227.

“Models, maps, schemata.” Zeitschrift für Semiotik 23.2 (2001): 221-222.

“Das Visuelle in der Ära des Postvisuellen.” Zeitschrift für Semiotik 24.2 (2002): 329-330.

“American Foundational Myths: Visualizations and Verbalisations.” Variations 6: 196-197.

“Semiosis in the City.” Zeitschrift für Semiotik 24.2 (2002): 330-331.

“Bildsprache – Visualisierung – Diagrammatik.” Zeitschrift für Semiotik 25.1 (2003): 212-214

“Iconicity in Language and Literature.” Zeitschrift für Semiotik 25.1 (2003): 433-435.

“Technological Aesthetics and Artistic Semiosis in Sao Paulo”. World Report. SemiotiX 7. Jan. 2007

"Note on the Sixth International Symposium on Iconicity in Language and Literature." World Report. SemiotiX 9. May 2007.

"Shadows, mirrors, and smoke screens: Zooming on iconicity." Editorial SemiotiX 14, January 2009.